Children with autism are different! Characteristic of all children with autism : communication and language problems, socialization and repetitive behaviors, self-stimulation and restricted interests related to people or activities.
A child with autism may have very well-trained personal autonomy, cognitive level according to age, but not respond to names, has delay in language development, poor or non-existent eye contact, disinterest for others, high resistance to change, and may object to the fulfillment of any task required by an adult by expressing vehement protest in the attempt to introduce any kind of activity / interaction.
Another child may encounter major difficulties in maintaining attention in the activity, lack of visual contact, problems of personal autonomy, difficulties in understanding receptive and expressive language, difficulties in verbal expression but be interested in the people around and in the interaction with these people, to smile, hold them in their arms and handle them.
Autism often accompanied by intellectual deficiency, the latest research in the field shows that over 60% of autistic children have an intelligence coefficient below 50, and only 6% have an intelligence coefficient over 85. In intelligence tests, they often get high scores. at the performance tests and the lowest scores, they get them when solving the items that require verbal or social skills. In the child with mental deficiency, there is difficulty understanding the receptive language but also difficulties of discriminating between commands, objects, actions.
The attention deficit may appear because the area of interest of children with autism restricted and sometimes much different from the one considered appropriate. The attention deficit also translates into the fact that failing to meet the criteria required in solving a task, failure occurs. He not pay attention to the details required and solves the tasks according to his own criteria. “He is not careful, but he knows” is what therapists and parents say. The child demonstrates that he knows how to respond to certain requirements under strong motivations. As soon as he presented with the preferred reward, he solves the task to receive the desired prize.
Language disorders observed in all children with autism, and refer to verbal language, gestures, or pointing. Autistic children do not spontaneously develop non-verbal ways to express request, refusal, feelings, etc. Ecolalia: very common, sometimes being the only form of verbal language that the autistic child can reach. Ecolalia may or may not have a communication function and may be immediate or delayed.
Communication achieved through speech and nonverbal reactions that include gesture, mimicry, posture. But the autistic child does not use his voice to attract attention, he’s a “good” child who does not use his language with a sense of communication. He can repeat a series of words for a long time or emit meaningless (un) articulated sounds, and have great difficulty in using the words to express a request, a feeling.
At birth, the baby apparently normal, without any physical or neurological abnormalities.
The onset of this disorder starts before the age of 2-3 years. But can be detected even in the first year of life. If the onset of autism is early – in the first year of life, it noted:
– lack of anticipatory movements when taken in the arms;
– lack of smile in response to the mother’s smile;
– apathy and disinterest for the people around them;
– does not focus its attention on social stimuli;
– do not enter into a routine of communication with others;
In children with autism, communication difficulties also refer to the fact that they often do not reach for their hands and body to be taken in their arms. They present not varied forms of mimicry to express discomfort (when the child wet, dirty or hungry). He not cling to the mother to be taken in the arms, not attract the attention to taken into account and to establish the communication, the request, the annoyance, the puffing, the sighing, the screaming, the laughter.
The characteristic of children with autism is that the eye contact is weak or missing.
The person with autism may manifest a total disinterest towards the people around him. Sometimes attracted by the clothing or some features of the people he comes in contact with. In social relations there is a failure to establish healthy contacts with the entourage. It can show a special interest towards certain objects, without using them with their proper meaning, but only for shaking, shaking, turning etc.
The child with autism has developmental discontinuities. For example he can learn tens of stanzas, but he cannot even form politeness. Perceptual difficulties can take the most varied forms. İn the sense that for example they do not react to a loud, shrill noise but they. He can become aggressive when a pencil dropped on the floor.
It prefers repetitive activities:
Opening and closing the doors, hitting or scratching a toy, turning the light on and off, ritualizing daily activities. The game also marked by the repetitive character. The child using in the game little complicated objects such as: string, sand, water, paper, buttons. Collective play avoided and lacks the imaginative and creative character.